A Greek in a Dress

A Greek in a Dress

Greeks pride themselves on their patriotism. So what better way to show it off than by flaunting the Greek traditional dress code! And no, it does not consist of a white robe and flower garland. 

Once worn by fighters in the 1821 War of independence, the national dress for the Greeks is called the Foustanella/Tsolias and now forms the uniform of the Evzones, the presidential guards.

The outfit includes a white, 400 pleated skirt, similar in style to the kilt, and an embroidered woollen vest. Pointed shoes with large pompoms called Tsarouhia, complete the look along with long white socks and a waist sash. (Left: my brother aged about 5 in his formal costume).

Other variations for the men include the baggy pants (karamani), white shirt (panavaki) and waistcoat (koumbouri) look. The outfit is topped off with a tassled cap (megalo fessi) and is worn on all the Aegean islands.

Women’s traditional dress usually involves a large headscarf and lots of gold jewellery…no, not quite the gypsy look but close! In central Greece the most famous female costume is the Karagouna. This traditional, very colourful wedding dress comprises of several layers including a black fringed white underdress, an embroidered wool coat and a richly embroidered waistcoat. A red felt apron is worn around the waist and everything is adorned with gold coins, including the headscarf, to signify wealth.

Dancers in traditional dress

Dancers in traditional dress

In Crete the costume is slightly varied, with the women wearing pantaloons and a more detailed tassle fringed headscarf. The headscarf is called the Mandili and is worn in mourning for the loss of the capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople. The tassles dangling in the eyes are said to represent tears for those who died in the explosion of the Arkadi monastery, and when lowered is a sign that the woman is not to be approached. (So I would personally keep my tassles lowered at all times).

Quite how they all coped wearing these costumes in the high heat of summer I will never know. One thing is for sure, I will never get bored of using the picture of my dad in his traditional dress and gnome hat! And here is my brother (when he was about 4) below also in Greek traditional dress! Aww.

My brother



  1. Charles
    6th April 2014 / 5:39 am

    The male costume traces to the ancients before man tamed the horse, and invented a garment for sitting atop a horse—pants. The Romans were badly beaten at Adrianople in AD378 by trousered cavalrymen. In AD393 by edict of Emperor Theodosius I, men in pants were exiled from Rome (as political subversives) and their property was seized. The decree was reaffirmed in AD423. The word pants didn’t get invented till the Italian clown, Pantalone, wore trousers in mid 1500’s Italy—he was laughed at for wearing pants. Women rarely wore pants till the World War 2 factory work sent over 26 million women war plant workers into factories. So it is social forces—not gender—that sent men into pants and left women in skirts far longer. These garments are activity and climate differences (and style differences)—not sex differences.

    • EBotziou
      6th April 2014 / 8:27 pm

      Thank you for sharing this information – very interesting!

  2. 17th March 2014 / 1:47 pm

    I can almost feel the heat in the picture….. makes me really miss kos….